British Traditions: Stir-up Sunday

That’s when the Brits make their Christmas pudding!

It’s five Sundays before Christmas, which means it’s on a different date every year.
This year, Christmas is on a Tuesday so if we count five Sundays backwards, that’s 25th November!

The British prepare their Christmas pudding on Stir-up Sunday and eat it on Christmas Day, on the 25th December, one month later!

A traditional Christmas pudding must contain thirteen ingredients to represent Jesus and his Disciples. Some of these ingredients
are: flour, sugar, eggs, lemon and orange, sultanas, dried fruit, milk, cinnamon, butter, brown beer, and some brandy or rum!

They mix all the ingredients together and finally, they add a coin! Of course, the coin is not to be eaten, but if you find it in your pudding, it’s good luck. When all the ingredients are in, everyone in the family stirs the pudding and makes a wish.

Christmas pudding can be stored for up to three months, so when it is ready, they put it away and wait for Christmas Day to eat it.


Racism and how to fight it

Racism is the belief of superiority. However, people nowadays discriminate against others based on their skin colour, religion, sexual orientation and nationality. This is a clear violation of human rights. But what do teenagers think and what can be done to solve this problem?

First of all, teenagers do not seem to believe that racism is a real problem, since many of them often make fun of others’ country of origin and religious beliefs. For this situation mostly parents are to blame, because they allow their children to mock and judge people who are different than themselves.

Furthermore, there are numerous stereotypes that lead to racism. For instance, it is still believed by many that black people are inferior, whereas white people are on the “top of the food chain”. What is more, there are stereotypes as regards financial status. There are many people who do not accept the poor and they mock those who dress in cheap clothes.

In order to fight racism, our community has to know that we are all different, but equal. Thus, we have to consider racism as a real problem and try to solve it by discussing it with people around us, especially young people and people who are less tolerant of diversity. That way, everyone will be educated on the matter and everyone will know that all human beings are equal with equal rights.

All in all, racism is a real issue that we have to deal with. Stereotypes about colour, race, religion or even financial status have caused many to treat others unfairly. But if we discuss this problem openly and educate people, then we will have less racism and more tolerance in the world.